Honoring the Animals

fairs & demos
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at the Maidu Interpretive Center in Roseville, CA in 2004
1960 Johnson Ranch Drive Roseville, CA 95661

Gifts From the Deer wall exhibit
designed & materials supplied by Tamara.
Exhibit conceived and installed by Chuck Kritzon.

1) Maidu Arrow replicated by Steve Allely
14) Antler baton for flintknapping by percussion. 27) Bone gorge hook with dogbane string
2) Hide glue made from gelatin by boiling deer skin 15) Rib bone 28) Hooves
3) Rendered deer fat (tallow) 16) Shoulder blade 29) Dew Claws
4) Rear leg Sinew 17) Ulna-radius bone 30) Needle bones
5) Toothed flesher from rear leg cannon bone 18) Front leg cannon bone 31) Ulna bone awl
6) Deer toe bones (phalanges) 19) Awl from front cannon bone 32) Ulna bone

7) Whole rear lower leg (hock) 20) Deer hoof rattle 33) Ulna and radius bone hide scraper
8) Skinned rear lower leg 21) Hairpin made from front cannon bone 34) Shoulder blade saw
9) Astragalus bone 22) Skinned front lower leg 35) Jaw bone
10) Deer jerky (dried meat) 23) Whole front lower leg (hock) 36) Antler tine for flaking stone arrowheads
11) Deer tail 24) Front leg sinew 37) Split antler pressure flaker for flaking stone arrowheads
12) Backstrap sinew, for hafting arrow & sewing thread 25) Flattened dried hock skin 38) Deer antler

13) Antler chisel 26) Hand game made from cannon bones 39) Sinew backed bow
40) Deer brains dried in doughnut of usnea lichen.
41) Leg sinew halfway shredded to show fibers.
42) Bundle of shredded leg sinew
43) Sinew bowstring made of shredded leg sinew
44) Samples of hide at different stages of the braintanning process

45) Dried raw skin. Hair on rawhide.
46) Scraped rawhide. The hair and upper grain layer have been removed.
47) Softened white buckskin
48) Smoked buckskin
49) Deerskin braintanned with the hair on.
50) Piece of backstrap sinew
51) Backstrap sinew spun up into a sewing thread for sewing holes in buckskin.

Salmon vertebrae and bone pin catch game.

String is made of deer sinew with a tuft of deer hair on the end of the string.

Bone pin is held in hand and vertebrae are swung into air
and then caught by the pin.

This game requires quite a bit of skill.

Process of making a rabbitskin blanket.
Rabbitskins are twisted into furry ropes and then "woven" together by twining with milkweed string. Blankets such as these are incredibly warm and composed an important part of traditional winter clothing for
many California Indian tribal groups.

Rabbitskin is "case" skinned into a tube and then the skin is cut in a long spiral from tail to nose.

Rabbitskin ribbon from a single rabbit hide. Length can reach 10 feet or more.

Rabbitskin ribbon is twisted into a furry rabbitskin rope. These ropes are often twisted around a fiber string of Dogbane, (Apocynum cannabinum) or Milkweed (Asclepias species)

Many of these long furry ropes are necessary for a blanket. String made from narrow leaved Milkweed, (Asclepias species) will be used to "weave" the furry ropes into a blanket. Furry ropes are laced around a frame and then twined together with string in rows that are about six inches apart.

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Finished sample of rabbitskin blanket.

Steven Edholm & Tamara Wilder
PO Box 876 Boonville, CA 95415
voice mail 707-793-2287

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